Micronutrientes en el tratamiento de la infertilidad masculina idiopática

Micronutrient supplementation to treat idiopathic male infertility

Contenido principal del artículo

Jorly Mejia-Montilla
Nadia Reyna-Villasmil
Eduardo Reyna Villasmil
Andreina Fernández-Ramírez


La evidencia sobre la asociación entre dieta y fertilidad humana ha aumentado en forma exponencial en la última década, lo que ha permitido identificar algunos hallazgos claros. La infertilidad masculina es un problema común que está incrementando. Aunque algunos pacientes tienen causas hormonales anatómicas o funcionales reconocidas, la etiología exacta en un gran número de casos es desconocida. En diferentes condiciones de infertilidad masculina, generalmente asociadas a anomalías morfofuncionales de los espermatozoides, existen pruebas claras de daño celular causados por el estrés oxidativo. En las últimas 5 décadas, varias investigaciones han intentado comprobar si la suplementación de micronutrientes puede tener efectos positivos en los parámetros cualitativos/cuantitativos del semen y la frecuencia de embarazo. Las vitaminas C y E, junto con la L-carnitina, han demostrado ser eficaces. Sin embargo, otros micronutrientes han sido menos estudiados. Existe la necesidad de realizar más investigaciones con estudios controlados aleatorios para confirmar la eficacia y seguridad de los suplementos antioxidantes en el tratamiento médico de la infertilidad masculina idiopática. El objetivo de esta revisión fue evaluar los efectos de los micronutrientes en el tratamiento de la infertilidad masculina.

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