Autopsia molecular en muerte súbita cardiaca neonatal mediante secuenciación de siguiente generación (NGS): presentación de un caso

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Autores

Eliana del Pliar Garzón Venegas
Cladelis Rubio Gómez
Suleima Carpeta Sánchez
Jennifer Vélez Segura
Jenny Blanco Gómez
Paola Andrea Beltrán Moreno
Diana Sánchez MD
Claudia Juliana Serrano MD
Juan Carlos Bonilla

Resumen


Presentamos un caso de muerte súbita de una lactante de tres meses de edad. La autopsia reveló una miocardiopatía hipertrófica y la muestra de sangre del cordón umbilical almacenada fue utilizada para análisis molecular. Mediante la secuenciación de siguiente generación (NGS) de 4813 genes (exoma clínico), se identificó una variante patogénica en el gen ELAC2, (c.210_222 del p.Gly71ThrfsTer26) en estado heterocigoto y otra variante probablemente patogénica en el mismo gen (c.1177C>T p.His393Tyr) en estado heterocigoto, asociadas con miocardiopatía hipertrófica. Adicionalmente, se identificó una variante patogénica en el exón 358 del gen TTN, (c.104515C>T, het p.Arg34839X) y una VUS (variante de significado incierto) en el gen MYPN (c.2428C>T, p.Arg810Cys), la cual podría tener un efecto aditivo en el fenotipo de la paciente. Así mismo se observa un polimorfismo de riesgo en el exón 16 en el gen LRP8, asociado con enfermedad coronaria (CAD) e infarto de miocardio prematuros (MI) (NM_017522: c.2066G>A, het, p.R689Q). La cardiopatía hereditaria es una causa probable de muerte súbita cardiaca, el análisis molecular por NGS puede ayudar a realizar un diagnóstico precoz para predecir a edad temprana pacientes con riesgo potencial de muerte súbita cardiaca así como un asesoramiento genético dirigido.

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