Densidad mineral ósea y adiposidad central en premenopáusicas con sobrepeso y obesidad

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Autores

Jorly Mejía-Montilla
Carmen Naranjo-Rodríguez
Delia Noriega-Verdugo
María Olivera-Cardozo
Viorkis Pérez-Ortíz
Aimee Piñón-Gómez
Eduardo Reyna-Villasmil

Resumen

Objetivo: investigar la relación entre densidad mineral ósea y adiposidad central en mujeres premenopaúsicas con sobrepeso y obesidad. Métodos: se seleccionaron 204 pacientes que fueron asignadas en tres grupos de acuerdo con el índice de masa corporal (IMC): grupo A (IMC inferior 25 k/m2; peso normal - controles), grupo B (IMC entre 25 y 30 k/m2; sobrepeso) y grupo C (IMC superior a 30 k/m2; obesidad). Se evaluaron las características generales, densidad mineral ósea y adiposidad central (grosor de tejido adiposo preperitoneal, subcutáneo y visceral). Resultados: las participantes se asignaron en los grupos A (n = 71), B (n = 67) y C (n = 66). No hubo diferencias significativas entre los grupos en relación con la edad, edad de la menarquia y talla (p = ns). El A presentó valores más bajos de densidad mineral ósea en columna lumbar y corporal total comparados con las de los grupos B y C (p < 0,0001). Los valores del grosor del tejido adiposo preperitoneal, subcutáneo y visceral en los grupos C y B presentaron valores mayores comparados con el A (p < 0,0001). La densidad mineral ósea en columna lumbar y corporal total mostraron correlaciones significativas, positivas y moderadas con todos los parámetros de adiposidad central (p < 0,05). Conclusión: existe una relación positiva entre densidad mineral ósea y adiposidad central en premenopaúsicas con sobrepeso y obesidad.

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Referencias

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