Cómo citar
Palacios, E., & Pradilla, O. (2008). Anticonvulsionantes: Profilaxis de migraña. Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 17(3), 127-134. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.v17.n3.2008.505

Autores/as

Eduardo Palacios
Oscar Pradilla

Resumen

Múltiples medicamentos han sido utilizados en la profilaxis de la migraña y dentro de estos los anticonvulsivantes como el ácido valproico, topiramato y gabapentín han demostrado utilidad en la disminución del número y severidad de los ataques en cerca del 50%. Sus mecanismos de acción involucran interacciones con los canales de Na, K, Cl, Ca y neurotransmisores como glutamato, GABA y Ca, mediante las cuales los AC regulan la hiperexcitabilidad cortical y la disregulación neuromoduladora que constituyen las principales alteraciones fisiopatológicas en la migraña. Entre los AC el ácido valproico posee mayor acción profiláctica y similar efectividad a la lograda con propanolol. Ninguno puede considerarse de elección y la individualización del paciente es la principal guía para la selección del tipo de fármaco profiláctico. Abreviaturas: MG, migraña; AC, anticonvulsivantes; GABA, ácido gamma-aminobutírico; AMPA, ácido a-amino-3-hidroxi-5-metil-4-isoxalone propiónico; AVP, ácido valproico; TPM, topiramato; GPT, gabapentín; LTG, lamotrigina.

Licencia

Derechos de autor Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud FUCS

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Coordinador Editorial

Leonardo Arismendy Rodriguez
jlarismendy@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836

Asistente Editorial

Gloria Restrepo B.
revista.repertorio@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836


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