Anestesia: Morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias: Hospital de San José, Octubre y Noviembre de 2007

Anesthesia: Perioperative morbidity and mortality: Hospital de San José, October and November 2007

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María Alejandra Lozano G.
Eduardo Camargo M.
Luis Alberto Garzón

Resumen

Antecedentes: el Hospital de San José no tiene registros sobre morbimortalidad relacionada con anestesia en las cirugías realizadas en esta institución. Objetivo: describir la morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias relacionadas con la anestesia en pacientes sometidos a cirugía electiva en el Hospital de San José durante octubre y noviembre de 2007. Métodos: estudio observacional descriptivo longitudinal, donde los desenlaces de interés fueron morbilidad y mortalidad perioperatorias relacionadas con anestesia. Resultados: se incluyeron 727 pacientes programados para cirugía electiva. La edad promedio fue 44.5 años (DE 16.0), se caracterizaron por ser clase funcional I (69,9%), clasificación ASA I en 51,1%, vía aérea fácil en 85% de los pacientes y sometidos a cirugía electiva categoría quirúrgica A (50,7%) y B (43%). No se presentó mortalidad y el evento adverso más frecuente fue arritmia (23 casos) 3,1%, la mayoría en pacientes en buenas condiciones clínicas. Conclusiones: las arritmias y demás eventos adversos observados en pacientes con buenas condiciones clínicas preanestésicas, sugieren profundizar estrategias como la mejor evaluación preanestésica, para disminuir la morbilidad relacionada con anestesia. Abreviaturas: E Pre, evaluación preanestésica.

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