Cómo citar
Palacio, E., & Cárdenas, K. (2015). Epilepsia y embarazo. Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 24(4), 243-253. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.v24.n4.2015.594

Autores/as

Eduardo Palacio
Karen Cárdenas

Resumen

La epilepsia es la entidad neurológica que con mayor frecuencia requiere tratamiento continuo durante la gestación. Se revisan las posibles complicaciones en la madre, en que forma puede afectarse el feto y la probabilidad teratogénica de los anticonvulsivantes. Es importante programar el embarazo para elegir el medicamento adecuado siendo la época libre de crisis la más conveniente. El médico debe buscar ante todo controlar las crisis durante el embarazo y buscar que el fármaco sea el menos teratogénico, pues casi todos los anticonvulsivantes tienen efectos nocivos para el feto. El ácido valproico continúa siendo el de mayor riesgo para producir malformaciones congénitas y trastornos cognitivos detectables en la niñez. Otros medicamentos como levetiracetam, lamotrigina, carbamazepina o fenitoina han demostrado ser menos tóxicos. Debe evitarse la politerapia y administrar ácido fólico para favorecer la normalidad del embarazo y su producto.

Licencia

Derechos de autor Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud FUCS

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Coordinador Editorial

Leonardo Arismendy Rodriguez
jlarismendy@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836

Asistente Editorial

Gloria Restrepo B.
revista.repertorio@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836


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