Cómo citar
SolanoM. H., & GonzálezI. del C. (2015). Prevalencia de ferropenia por menorragia en una institución educativa del área de la salud en Colombia. Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 24(2), 137-142. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.v24.n2.2015.637


Maria Helena Solano
Irene del Carmen González


La menorragia es la causa más frecuente de ferropenia en mujeres en edad reproductiva. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de ferropenia en estudiantes del área de la salud mayores de 18 años y que no había sido detectada. Materiales y métodos: a 154 estudiantes de medicina (rango de edad: 18 a 36 años) se les aplicó el cuestionario PBAC (siglas en inglés de la tabla pictórica para la estimación del sangrado menstrual). Se describe la presencia de anemia ferropénica y los niveles de ferritina con frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: se detectó ferropenia en 15% (nivel sérico <15 ug/L), menorragia 3.25% (pérdida menstrual >80 ml por ciclo) y anemia en 2%, (hemoglobina <12 g/dL). Conclusión: se observó alta prevalencia de ferropenia. Es necesario estudiar las causas con programas que incluyan promoción y evaluación de hábitos alimenticios en la población estudiantil. En nuestro estudio la herramienta no fue útil. Abreviaturas: PBAC, tabla pictórica para la estimación del sangrado menstrual.


Derechos de autor Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud FUCS


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