Prevalencia de ferropenia por menorragia en una institución educativa del área de la salud en Colombia

Prevalence of iron deficiency due to menorrhagia in an educational institution in the area of health in Colombia

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Maria Helena Solano
Irene del Carmen González


La menorragia es la causa más frecuente de ferropenia en mujeres en edad reproductiva. Objetivo: describir la prevalencia de ferropenia en estudiantes del área de la salud mayores de 18 años y que no había sido detectada. Materiales y métodos: a 154 estudiantes de medicina (rango de edad: 18 a 36 años) se les aplicó el cuestionario PBAC (siglas en inglés de la tabla pictórica para la estimación del sangrado menstrual). Se describe la presencia de anemia ferropénica y los niveles de ferritina con frecuencias absolutas y relativas. Resultados: se detectó ferropenia en 15% (nivel sérico <15 ug/L), menorragia 3.25% (pérdida menstrual >80 ml por ciclo) y anemia en 2%, (hemoglobina <12 g/dL). Conclusión: se observó alta prevalencia de ferropenia. Es necesario estudiar las causas con programas que incluyan promoción y evaluación de hábitos alimenticios en la población estudiantil. En nuestro estudio la herramienta no fue útil. Abreviaturas: PBAC, tabla pictórica para la estimación del sangrado menstrual.

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