Cómo citar
Villalobos Sánchez, C. J., Mosquera Chacón, J. P., & Tovar Cortés, H. (2011). Prevalencia del síndrome metabólico en consulta de medicina interna Hospital de San José de Bogotá DC. septiembre 2009 - marzo 2010. Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 20(2), 93-102. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.v20.n2.2011.682

Autores/as

César Jerónimo Villalobos Sánchez
Juan Pablo Mosquera Chacón
Henry Tovar Cortés

Resumen

El síndrome metabólico es un complejo de factores de riesgo predictores de enfermedad cardiovascular y diabetes. Objetivo: describir su prevalencia en pacientes de la consulta de medicina interna del Hospital de San José de Bogotá, teniendo en cuenta los criterios ATP 111, IDF 2005 e IDF-AHA/ NHLBI 2009. Métodos: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de pacientes entre 30 y 70 años, excluyendo las gestantes, entre septiembre 2009 y marzo 2010. Resultados: se seleccionaron 315 pacientes, 30,5% hombres, con edad media de 52.4 (DE 9.6) años. La obesidad abdominal (81,2%) y el sedentarismo (68,2%) fueron los factores de riesgo más frecuentes. El 48,6% tenía hipertensión arterial, 45,1% cHDL bajo, 44,4% hipertrigliceridemia, 13,2% tabaquismo y 13% diabetes mellitus. La prevalencia entre hombres y mujeres fue mayor empleando los criterios diagnósticos IDF-AHA/NHLBI 2009: 56,2% (IC 95%:46.1-66.3) y 57,5% (IC 95% 51-64.1); y menor con ATP 111: 41,7% (IC 95% 31.6-51.7) y 45,6%.(IC 95%: 39-52.3). Fue más común el diagnóstico en mayores de 50 años. Conclusiones: la modificación de las definiciones del SM aumenta la prevalencia facilitando la detección temprana de factores de riesgo. Es mayor que la reportada por tratarse de población que asiste a control en un hospital de tercer nivel.

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jlarismendy@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836

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Gloria Restrepo B.
revista.repertorio@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836


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