Cómo citar
Solano, M. H., & Mendieta, F. A. (2014). Adherencia al tratamiento anticoagulante: Hospital de San José. Bogotá DC, Colombia. Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 23(3), 189-198. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.v23.n3.2014.708

Autores/as

Maria Helena Solano
Felipe Andrés Mendieta

Resumen

La anticoagulación requiere monitoreo continuo por el alto riesgo de complicaciones trombóticas y hemorrágicas. El éxito depende en gran medida de la educación del paciente para una adecuada adherencia terapéutica. Objetivo: evaluar esta adherencia en la clínica de anticoagulación del servicio de hematología del Hospital de San José de Bogotá DC (Colombia) durante un período de tres meses. Metodología: estudio descriptivo de corte transversal en el cual se aplicó la escala ARMS. La puntuación total osciló entre 12 y 48, siendo 12 el nivel perfecto y 48 el peor. Resultados: se aplicó el cuestionario a 106 pacientes. En la evaluación global la puntuación estuvo entre 12 y 26 (promedio: 13.72, DS: 2.19), en la subescala sobre la toma del anticoagulante, entre 8 y 19 (promedio: 9.12, DS: 1.58) y en la subescala según la disponibilidad del medicamento entre 4 y 8 (promedio: 4.60, DS: 1.00). La mejor adherencia se identificó en el ítem 5 (promedio: 1.01, DS: 0.13) y la peor en el ítem 1 (promedio: 1.39, DS: 0.56). El 35% (n= 37) obtuvo una adherencia perfecta. Conclusiones: la adherencia terapéutica global es buena, pero se identificaron barreras relacionadas con el paciente y el suministro del anticoagulante, que justifican el fortalecimiento de la educación al paciente y el desarrollo de estrategias para la entrega oportuna del medicamento.

Licencia

Derechos de autor Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud FUCS

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Coordinador Editorial

Leonardo Arismendy Rodriguez
jlarismendy@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836

Asistente Editorial

Gloria Restrepo B.
revista.repertorio@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836


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