Música perioperatoria: estado del arte y aplicabilidad en la práctica anestésica

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Jorge Iván Pulgarín Díaz
Daniel Bustamante González
Javier Salas Jordán
Pedro José Baquero Marín


Introducción: La audición es un proceso complejo en el cual el sonido se convierte en energía eléctrica que se procesa e interpreta a nivel de la corteza auditiva. La musicoterapia es una ciencia de bajo costo aplicable a la anestesiología con beneficios económicos. Como coadyuvante a la terapia farmacológica permite usar menores dosis de algunos medicamentos. Objetivo: revisión no sistemática en bases de datos reconocidas. Metodología: búsqueda exhaustiva sobre revisiones sistemáticas, consensos, metaanálisis, utilizando los descriptores electrónicos en las bases de datos electrónicas: PubMed, Science Direct, OvidSP, EBSCO y SciELO. Arrojó 393 artículos, 80 relacionados con música, musicoterapia, medicina y adulto, 77 con electroencefalografía, estimulación acústica y sincronización cortical, 32 con anestesia balanceada y éteres metílicos, y 68 relacionados con música y anestesiología. Se seleccionaron solo los artículos completos para un total de 100. Se complementó con 2 textos universitarios de física. Conclusión: la música en anestesiología representa una herramienta valiosa como alternativa de tratamiento para disminuir la morbimortalidad y los costos asociados. Se necesitan estudios complementarios para determinar los alcances de ésta asociación.

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