Cómo citar
Molano FrancoD., Gómez DuqueM., BeltránE., Villabón GonzálezM., Robayo ValbuenaI. F., FrancoL. F., Cárdenas ColmenaresJ. A., Estupiñán Monsalve Álvaro, Sánchez VanegasG., Arévalo RodriguezI., & Zamora RomeroJ. (2020). Medicina de precisión en sepsis: utilidad de los biomarcadores en pacientes biomarcadores en pacientes críticamente enfermos . Revista Repertorio De Medicina Y Cirugía, 29(2), 75 - 83. https://doi.org/10.31260/RepertMedCir.01217273.973

Autores/as

Daniel Molano Franco
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Mario Gómez Duque
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Edgar Beltrán
Hospital de San José
Bio
Mario Villabón González
Hospital de San José
Bio
Ivan Felipe Robayo Valbuena
Fundacion Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Luis Felipe Franco
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Jorge Alberto Cárdenas Colmenares
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Álvaro Estupiñán Monsalve
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Guillermo Sánchez Vanegas
Fundación Universitaria Ciencias de la Salud
Bio
Ingrid Arévalo Rodriguez
Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal
Bio
Javier Zamora Romero
Hospital Universitario Ramón y Cajal
Bio

Resumen

Durante años la evolución del cuidado intensivo ha intentado ofrecer una atención basada en protocolos y paquetes de manejo agrupados por patologías y cuadro sindromáticos. Aunque se logró disminuir la mortalidad en diferentes patologías (sepsis y síndromes coronario agudo y de distrés respiratorio agudo), no se han resuelto por completo los problemas clínicos, en especial el diagnóstico y el manejo. Una nueva opción ha surgido en el horizonte denominada “medicina de precisión”, entendida como estrategia de prevención y tratamiento que tiene en cuenta la variabilidad individual. La sepsis es un síndrome con múltiples aristas en cuanto al fenotipo y genotipo, cuyo diagnóstico temprano es relevante para los desenlaces clínicos. Hasta el momento el enfoque principal ha sido la identificación de un germen etiológico para diferenciarla del síndrome de respuesta inflamatoria sistémica (SIRS). En los últimos años el paradigma en enfermedades infecciosas ha cambiado debido a estudios que demuestran como la respuesta inmunitaria del paciente séptico tiene un papel clave en el desarrollo de la enfermedad, con implicaciones en el diagnóstico, pronóstico y tratamiento, que podrían ayudar a cambiar el abordaje en los próximos años gracias a una estrategia basada en medicina de precisión. Hoy los aislamientos microbiológicos y los cultivos siguen siendo el estándar de referencia con varias desventajas como el tiempo para obtener resultados, sobre todo en infecciones por gérmenes resistentes u hongos, que pueden retrasar el inicio de la terapia antimicrobiana. Como alternativa se ha planteado el uso de biomarcadores en sepsis que siendo productos de la respuesta inflamatoria del individuo ante la infección, son útiles para el diagnóstico y pronóstico primordialmente en los críticamente enfermos. Decidimos realizar esta revisión narrativa acerca de la utilidad de los biomarcadores en pacientes con sepsis críticamente enfermos, para enfocarlos en un modelo de medicina personalizada.

Licencia

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Coordinador Editorial

Leonardo Arismendy Rodriguez
jlarismendy@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836

Asistente Editorial

Gloria Restrepo B.
revista.repertorio@fucsalud.edu.co
Fundación Universitaria de Ciencias de la Salud - FUCS
Bogotá DC, Colombia
Dirección: Carrera 19 No. 8 A 32
Tel: (+571) 3538100 Ext. 2836


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