Quimioterapia en linfoma y su estrecha relación con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana /síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida

Chemotherapy in lymphoma and its close relation with human immunodeficiency virus /acquired immunodeficiency syndrome

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Vanesa Matute Mizger
Lina Maria Martínez Sánchez

Resumen

El virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH) ha estado en nuestra sociedad durante muchos años y los casos han aumentado con el paso del tiempo. La inmunosupresión y el síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida (SIA) predisponen en gran parte al desarrollo de diferentes enfermedades, como el linfoma. Objetivo: realizar una revisión acerca de la quimioterapia en el linfoma asociado con el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana y el síndrome de inmunodeficiencia adquirida, y su predisposición a sufrir más enfermedades oportunistas. Métodos: se realizó una revisión de la literatura en las bases de datos PubMed y ScienceDirect, con los descriptores “infecciones”, “linfoma”, “neoplasias”, “quimioterapia”, “serodiagnóstico del SIDA”, en inglés y español, seleccionando 10 artículos relacionados. Conclusión: la inmunosupresión que genera este virus puede predisponer en gran medida al desarrollo de muchas neoplasias en especial el linfoma. A pesar de que la quimioterapia es el tratamiento más efectivo en este tipo de pacientes, exacerba la condición de base de las personas y los hace más susceptibles a padecer infecciones oportunistas, las cuales pueden empeorar su situación, considerando así la quimioterapia como un factor de riesgo.

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Biografía del autor/a

Vanesa Matute Mizger, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana

Estudiante de Medicina, Universidad Pontificia Bolivariana.

Referencias

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