Trombosis venosa profunda en un paciente con hipertiroidismo de novo. Presentación de caso

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Autores

Javier Mauricio Benavides
Jhon Jairo Vivas
Gilberto Jaramillo
Wilker Bernal

Resumen

La trombosis venosa es una condición clínica en la cual un trombo se genera y ocluye la luz de un vaso venoso con el consecuente riesgo de embolia pulmonar. La fisiopatología se relaciona con estados de hipercoagulabilidad, alteraciones del flujo sanguíneo y lesiones vasculares endoteliales, conocida como la triada de Virchow. Dentro de los factores de riesgo se encuentran el cáncer, la estancia hospitalaria prolongada, la cirugía mayor, el trauma mayor y las trombofilias; sin embargo en el 25-50% de los casos es imposible identificar el factor etiológico. Presentamos el caso de un hombre con clínica y diagnóstico de trombosis venosa profunda en manejo extrainstitucional con cumínicos, que acude al Hospital Infantil Universitario de San José por incremento de los signos inflamatorios en el miembro inferior derecho. Al ingreso hay aumento de la extensión de la trombosis venosa y niveles subterapéuticos de INR, a pesar de dosis óptimas de cumínicos. La evolución trascurrió con taquicardia y episodios de diaforesis. Se documenta y realiza el diagnóstico de hipertiroidismo asociado con elevación del factor viii de coagulación.

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