Movimientos anormales y embarazo

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Autores

Eduardo Palacios
Ángela Viviana Navas

Resumen

Los movimientos anormales corresponden a una de las patologías neurológicas que con menor frecuencia se presentan durante el embarazo. A excepción del temblor esencial y el síndrome de piernas inquietas, los demás son raros. Los estudios en este grupo de pacientes son escasos y antiguos dada la baja prevalencia. Se busca con este artículo dar a conocer al personal médico en general las características clínicas de patologías como la corea gravidarum, la distonía y la enfermedad de Huntington entre otros, y su relación con el embrazo, la frecuencia y las opciones adecuadas de tratamiento, dada la susceptibilidad de las pacientes y el alto riesgo de efectos adversos en el feto con sus respectivas complicaciones a corto y largo plazo. Para la revisión de la literatura se estructuró una estrategia de búsqueda utilizando los términos movimientos anormales, embarazo, corea gravidarum, síndrome de piernas inquietas, distonía, enfermedad de Parkison (MeSH y no Mesh), los cuales se articularon con operadores booleanos en las siguientes bases de datos: pubmed, ebscohost y embase, filtrando los resultados por artículos de revisión.

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